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Wondering about PZP and its effectiveness? Check out our resouces links below to find more detailed information about the scientific research and analysis of PZP. 

PZP fact sheet by Tuft's University's Dr. Allen Rutberg

A behavioral ecologist and urban wildlife specialist, Dr. Allen Rutberg evaluates wildlife management practices and focuses primarily on white-tailed deer ecology and conflicts. He researches fertility management and contraception to manage deer and wild horse populations, while investigating Lyme disease control and extending his contraception work to other countries. He earned his PhD from the University of Washington.

Solving Problems with Deer Guide - HSUS

As cities and towns develop land and make changes to the landscape that make it more attractive to white-tailed deer, the inevitable result is a growing number of human-deer conflicts, ranging from garden and ornamental browse damage to roadway collisions. One of the most publicly supported and sustainable ways for communities to resolve these conflicts is by promoting policies of co-existence, which acknowledge the need to resolve conflicts while also encouraging appreciation of wildlife. Community leaders can and should promote ways to resolve conflicts with deer effectively and humanely, on both an individual and community level.

"Out of Season" by Karen E. Lange - Fripp Island

The success of using non-lethal alternatives on Fripp Island, and how other South Carolina communities are taking notice and making change.

Science and Conservation Center

The Science and Conservation Center was created in 1998, an independent non-profit organization that is the world’s only dedicated facility for the development of wildlife contraceptives and methods of application. This center produces and carries out quality control for a wildlife contraceptive vaccine, distributes the vaccine and is the repository for all records and data required by the Food and Drug Administration and Environmental Protection Agency.

Why Culling Is Inneffective

Read this article to see how culling is not as effective as it would seem.

Q&A About PZP from Humane Society of the United States

Questions and answers about immunocontraception

Botstiber Institute- Source of Wildlife Fertility Education

The Botstiber Institute for Wildlife Fertility Control, headquartered in Media, PA, aims to advance the use of effective, sustainable fertility control methods to mitigate human-wildlife conflicts and promote coexistence worldwide. The Institute serves as a resource center for the field of wildlife fertility control by: 1.stimulating vital discussion, collaboration, and networking through events; 2. supporting wildlife fertility control public policy and education; 3.educating wildlife managers, policymakers and the public

2020 Hastings-on-Hudson update with links to reports, background materials, press releases, and fact sheets

The deer immunocontraception research project, a collaboration between The Humane Society of the United States, Tufts-Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, and the Village of Hastings-on-Hudson, enters its seventh year in 2020.


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